Jesus Cleans out the Temple

So while in Jerusalem….

12Jesus went into the Temple and drove out all those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the stools of those who sold pigeons, 13 and said to them, “It is written in the Scriptures that God said, ‘My Temple will be called a house of prayer.’ But you are making it a hideout for thieves!” (see Luke 19:46 who comments likewise).

Jesus here is alluding to Jeremiah vii.

Is this house, which is called by My name, has become a den of robbers in your eyes?
Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD12 But go ye now unto My place which was in Shiloh (which means peace in Hebrew & was where the Ark of the Convenant was housed) during the days of the Judge Joshua, where I set My name first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of My people, Israel.

13 And now, because ye have done all these works, saith the LORD, and I spoke unto you, rising up early and speaking, but ye heard not; and I called you, but ye answered not; 14Therefore, I will do unto this house, which is called by My name, and {wherein} ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I have done to Shiloh (here the Lord takes credit for the destruction of Shiloh, which is the first time we learn exactly what happened to the town see 1 Samuel 1-4)

15 And I will cast you out of My sight, as I have cast out all your brethren, even the whole seed of Ephraim.

Ephraim, means in Hebrew to be fruitful, was the the second son of Joseph and his Egyptian wife Asenath, the daughter of a Potipherah priest,. Like his older brother Manasseh born in Egypt (see Genesis 41: 50-52). Manasseh gives his name to one of the twelve tribes of Israel but Ephraim the second born, overshadows his elder brother Manasseh just like Isaac who blessed Jacob over his older brother Esau (Genesis 27) and then in Genesis 48 where Joseph takes his two sons and says Ephraim has the “right hand” and Manasseh the left.

So because of that, Ephraim becomes the name given to Northern Israel — the territory from Shechem to Jericho as well in the western Palestine. In Samuel, Kings, Chronicles and very prominently Hosea, Northern Israel is now only called Ephraim which of course can be confusing because it is also a person’s name, but that is supposed to be the case as “Ephraim” is the Lord’s beloved son. Jeremiah relied heavily on Hosea and so he picks up the allusions of Ephraim; the later Sirach follows this convention as well.

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