The 4th century AD Temple of Saturn is situated in the north west corner of the Forum. It has just has eight majestic columns of Egyptian granite, still standing. The temple was built in honour of the Roman God Saturn, whose role was that of being a major agricultural god, of seed sowing.. His Greek equivalent is considered Kronos (Father Time). His holiday, the Saturnalia, was a major holiday celebrated December 17th.
This temple is a recreation of a much earlier one that was built in 6th Century BC that just decayed over time; it was one of the earliest cults of the Romans.