For those like myself who wantto understand the histor of Nehemiah this is rather interesting. In Nehemiah, Iran was the Persian Empire. Now all sources refer to it as the Achaemenid Empire and all traces of Perisan have been. It is important to remember that they are the same othewise you can up in a wild good choase tracing one or the other and get a lot of dead ends.
In Old Persian it was called Haxâmanishiya or Achaemenid after its founder’s Cambyses family name: Achaeminds changed the Ancient Greek/English version to this newer word and slowly our language and culture is being changed; in impertciple ways it is happening and leaving no trace. The Persian/Achaemenid family tree looks like this starting with Teispes and then going to his son, Cyrus I.
Teispes ======> Cyrus I ====> Cambyses I ====>
Cyrus II, The Great ====> Cambyses II ====>
Smerdis, (the Magian) ===> Darius I, The Great ====>
Xerxes I ====> Artaxerxes I ====> Xerxes II
Darius II ====> Artaxerxes II ====> Artaxerxes III
Arses ====> Darius III
After the death of Cambyses II (522 bc) another line started. This junior line came to the throne with Darius I but I could out more than that. Things that far back are sketchy, but this second dynasty became extinct with the death of Darius III, following his defeat (330 bc) by Alexander the Great.
The new Genealogy
The current Iranian Dept. of Commerce site though explains their geneaology in a far different manner. One that is definitely “invented” as Glenn Beck himself noted on one of his shows.
We know little about the Persians, like where they came from because so much is lost in myth. This is the current one: The Persia around 1400 BC when Mycenae and Troy and Knossus were falling to the Greeks, and that they were an Aryan people (as I mentioned earlier that is why they changed their name to IRAN) with long heads, high foreheads and thin noses, and their blood may have already been mixed with a slight Mongol strain. They were brothers of the Scythians and the Medes, who also emerged from the great grasslands.
That mythic tale is countered by Britannica which states that instead the Persians arose (modern day Iraq or “the Aryan people) and eventually expanded from the Indus Valley (India) into the east and Thrace and Macedon (Greece) in the west. In its zenith encompassed some 1 million square miles all of which were unified by a complex network of roads, armies and bureaucrats of which Sanballat and Tobiah the Ammonite were two of Nehemiah’s tale lives.